The Dilemma of Nanotechnology – Science vs. Ethics

What is Nanotechnology and why should I care about it?

Nanotechnology, referred to commonly as molecular manufacturing, is making huge strides within scientific and government communities. Despite its growth and the potential impact it will have on society at large, too little emphasis has been placed on the ethical considerations of nanotechnology and the ever-rippling effects of its applications.

The control of molecular matter has led to amazing breakthroughs in medical treatments, which of course is a benefit to mankind. However, the military is hard at work creating powerful weapons that are no larger than any known bacteria. In addition, molecular level surveillance techniques for surreptitiously keeping track of other organizations and individuals are changing the face of military, law enforcement and humankind in general.

Just like with human genome capability and stem cell research breakthroughs, scientists, governments and individuals need to weigh the obvious advantages of nanotechnology against the residual disadvantages. Although the power of nanotechnology is indisputable, the possibilities of irreversible harm from its indiscriminate use must also be taken into consideration.

What are the Social and Ethical Implications of Nanotechnology?

This is where social and ethical dilemmas present themselves. As life saving tools, nanotechnology is unsurpassed in its promise of an absolute revolution for medical treatment of previously incurable or untreatable conditions.

Conversely, when this technology is used to manufacture miniature weapons or explosives the infinite possibilities of far-reaching repercussions is a very real prospect. Given that researchers fear that nano-machines can become self replicating, theories abound that their by-product, known in scientific circles as “the gray-goo scenario”, could result in unheard of havoc. In addition nanotechnology has the potential to erode our privacy and freedom by providing human rights violations via monitoring and tracking devices that can invade our everyday lives without our knowledge.

For this reason the social and ethical issues relevant to nanotechnology must be addressed before its many technological innovations are unleashed upon society.

Every action has a reaction and nanotechnology is no different. Whether the anticipated power of nanotechnology ever reaches fruition, as a society we must be prepared to deal with any fallout that may arise from its inception and universal acceptance.

There is no doubt that development of nanotechnology and its many proven advantages, is going to continue, yet as a responsible society we must prepare a social policy that will address the benefits in correlation with the ethical consequences of it effect on life as we know it.
Why should society be concerned with the Fallout?

When trying to incorporate nano-technological advances into society, there are a myriad of items that require intensive study, such as: issues regarding equity of disbursement, privacy rights of individuals and/or corporations, security considerations, the effect on the environment and the social and ethical impact on the human race.

As responsible humans who are concerned with passing a legacy of improvement down to upcoming generations, it is essential that we develop and create guidelines and working hypotheses that address the far reaching impact that nanotechnology can have on human lives and on the universe itself.

By Tatiana Velitchkov

The Future of Solar Energy

With the current concentration on global warming, the existence of which is denied by only a few naysayers, developments in solar power are moving at a pace to fill the need for efficient green solutions to our seemingly insatiable desire for energy.

The failure of solar power to be more widely adopted to date seems primarily to be due to cost concerns, where the payback periods are now quoted to be 7+ years, and thus beyond the normal financial horizon for many potential participants, whose average occupancy of any particular house is expected to be 7 years. When a lower cost can be achieved, the benefits of mass production will cause a snowball effect in purchasing systems, and that time would seem to be drawing closer.

Durham University in the UK, ever photovoltaic solar research project, with more than $12M to be spent in the next four years, starting in April. The principal investigator, Professor Ken Durose, has committed to “make a major contribution to achieving competitive photovoltaic solar energy”. Nine industrial partners and eight institutions will be involved in the project, which is aimed at reducing the thickness, and thus cost, of solar cells.

Much as this may seem to be a promising advance, an alternative approach is being adopted by commercial interests, in the form of a company called G24i which is also in the UK, in Wales. They have developed what are called fourth generation solar cells, which are a thin-film product, the latest buzzword in the solar marketplace.

Their invention is a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), which is, simply, printing a thin layer of titanium oxide on to a thin-film of metal foil, and then performing some molecular manipulations to achieve the desired reaction to light. The product is manufactured on a roll-to-roll process, similar to that used in the textile industry. They commenced production last year, and are planning to expand this year to a production capacity of 200 Megawatts.

The process by which DSSC works has been compared to that of photosynthesis in plants, and it is more sensitive than conventional silicon cells, producing electricity from a wider range of the light spectrum and lower levels of lighting. It is very flexible and one-fiftieth of the weight of conventional glass silicon cells, and can even be produced in designer colors! The initial market is for devices that could not be made with the older technology, supplying power for portable electronics, particularly for mobile phones in the developing world.

With a growth in the traditional solar cell market of 35% per annum, and a continuing global shortage of silicon projected up to 2010, G24i would seem to be very well placed to take away business from the conventional suppliers. Their technology is available at much lower cost, and expansion would seem to be limited only by their ability to grow in a controlled manner.

On what seems to be a more esoteric front, it’s reported that scientists are considering the possibility of a space engineering project that would dwarf any other that has been attempted to date. While the sheer size of the project would require governments to take the first steps at an international level, researchers from the USA, Europe and Japan are proposing building giant solar arrays in orbit and beaming the energy to Earth.

Lieutenant Colonel Paul Damphousse of the Pentagon has spoken of the need for “hundreds of sorties every week” in order to move the tons of material that would be required. A recent study by the Pentagon concluded that such a project was nearly technologically possible right now, and that robots could be used to facilitate the construction in space. More realistically, perhaps, Leopold Summerer of the European Space Agency has projected that the generation of power in space may be about 20 years away, but the concept is being actively pursued.

Finally, what may prove to be the most promising current development in solar energy has just been announced by Global Warming Solutions, Inc. of Houston. Successful tests have been conducted on hybrid solar modules, which produce both heat and electricity from one unit. The combined efficiency of the modules is reported to reach 85%, significantly better than the 40%+, then a record, achieved a year ago by Spectrolab using concentrator solar cells to produce electricity only.

The technologies used include some originally developed for industrial lasers, stated Dr. Alexander Kornaraki, the COO. “The quantum pump separates the heat and the electrical photons of the incident solar light”, giving the most efficient spectra to the photovoltaic process. The modules produce up to 28 Watts of electricity and 93 Watts of heat per square foot. The projected payback period is no more than five years.

Global Warming Systems have several pilot systems, and one with 108 square feet of panels provides 100% of the energy, both electrical and heating, to a single family home. Even more promising, these panels are efficient even as far north as Alaska, which is a new achievement for the industry.

Learn more about Solar Power and how you can use it to produce electric power, to heat, or even cool your home!

Oil, Energy, and Congress

Now that Congress has recessed for the end of the summer, what are we to make of the energy situation? At this point, I’m getting tired of hearing that $4.00 gasoline is good for me. How can it be good when Americans are spending less of their money on other goods and investing in their gas tanks? Is it good that transportation costs have sent my food bill sky rocketing? Is it good that many Americans have shortened their vacations and cut back on their entertainment spending? Is it good that the working poor are struggling between putting groceries in their home and fueling their cars to get to work?

Apparently our Congressional leaders and one presidential candidate say the answer is yes. While our Speaker of the House is trying to “save the planet”, the rest of the world is out trying to find more oil & energy. Let’s look at few recent examples:

  • Egypt announced last week the start of a 9 billion dollar oil refinery and petrochemical complex, which will be located on its north coast. The complex is expected to begin operation in 2010 and will be completed in 5 years. The facility will refine 350,000 barrels of oil per day.
  • The Tupi deepwater oil field is located offshore of Rio de Janeiro, one of Brazil’s best tourist destinations. Last November, the Brazilian government announced that the location could contain five billion to eight billion barrels of oil. The Tupi oil field is expected to begin producing 100,000 barrels of oil in 2010, according to Petrobas, Brazil’s national oil company. Petrobas hopes to bring production to one million barrels a day in about ten years.
  • Finland is building a 1600 megawatt nuclear power reactor. The country currently gets 28 percent of it electricity from nuclear power.
  • Japan is working to increase its nuclear power production of electricity from 30 percent to 37 percent by 2009 and 41 percent by 2017.

Now, besides threatening to sue the Saudi’s and adding more taxes to oil, what has the United States government energy policy done? Let’s look at a few examples:

  • From 2000 to 2007 domestic crude oil production fell 12.4 percent
  • Through a congressional mandate, 85 percent of the Outer Continental Shelf is off limits to oil exploration. It is estimated that the Outer Continental Shelf contains 90 billion barrels of oil
  • The Artic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is estimated to have 10 billion barrels of oil; in 1995 President Clinton vetoed a bill authorizing oil production on 2,000 acres out of 19.6 million.
  • U.S. Senator Ken Salazar, Colorado, inserted language into the omnibus spending bill last December that places a moratorium on enacting rules for oil shale development on federal lands. The Green River Formation is estimated to have as much as 1.1 trillion barrels of oil shale.
  • As mandated by the 2007 energy bill signed by President Bush, the U.S. is now required to mix 9 billion gallons of biofuels into the gasoline supply. The mandate is met primarily with corn-based ethanol. At the start of the biofuel mandates, corn was $2 per bushel. The price of corn now is a little over $6 per bushel.

It seems the more our government gets involved, the worse the situation becomes. And where did common sense go? If I see that you need water, I wouldn’t send you to a desert to find it. Yet, that’s what we do with our oil exploration. Try to find it where we don’t know if it exists.

From 2000 to 2007 American oil companies increased the drilling of exploratory wells by 138 percent (on those 68 million acres of existing leases); oil production still fell to its lowest level since 1947. The American Petroleum Institute reported that oil companies had the highest second-quarter oil well activity since 1986.

The United States has successfully developed other forms of energy; clean coal plants, nuclear power, natural gas plants, solar & wind energy. Our most efficient and cheapest forms of energy production are under constant assault from the environmental movement. The U.S. uses 760 gigawatts of power plants to meet current needs. The North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) estimates that we will need 135 gigawatts of new capacity in the next 10 years. As of now, only 57 gigawatts of power plants are planned. Why?

  • 59 coal-fired plants were canceled in 2007 because of anticoal activist.
  • U.S. production of natural gas is beginning to decline because of environmental restrictions on exploration.
  • The National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) succeeded in stopping 13 natural gas power plants in southern California.

We have the best scientist, engineers and technicians in the world. Give them the opportunity to solve this challenge and they will. There are many private companies working on new technology to bring to the market. If our government is going to pick winners and losers through subsidies, many companies will not get into the market.

For example, NuScale Power, an Oregon-based startup company, is seeking federal clearance to begin its project to build a mini nuclear reactor. The reactor can power 45,000 homes, is 65 feet long and has no visible cooling tower. NuScale states that these reactors require no maintenance and do not need to be refueled. At the end of its useful life of about 30 years, the plant is returned to the factory.

This type of technology should be welcomed and encouraged by all. With a small footprint & no carbon emissions, these plants could replace many traditional coal and gas-fired power plants.

This situation does not require a billion dollar bail out from our government. Nor does it require raising taxes on the oil companies. Remember, we tried the windfall profits tax with President Jimmy Carter. That led to a 6 percent drop in the production of oil and a 15 percent increase in oil imports, according to the Congressional Research Service.

If congress would step back and allow all of the energy companies to explore and develop energy in a responsible way, we would not have to struggle with high energy costs. Take away all of the subsidies and let the market decide which means of energy is cheapest, environmentally sound and durable. American technology is more than capable of producing efficient energy and protecting the environment.

Instead of trying to spend more of my tax dollars, why doesn’t congress spend more of their time, which we pay them for, to fix the regulatory landscape of energy production. Congress needs to enact some common sense environmental regulations. If they do, the market will give us a diverse supply of energy that is reliable – American made – and affordable

It’s time to streamline & simplify this process, now.

Xander is a writer & researcher of current events. For more information, visit his blog at http://xander-xee.blogspot.com

The Top 10 Most Wanted Toys For Christmas 2008

Christmas is coming faster than you think!

Each year the same thing happens to millions of parents, when they have to tell their little one that “Santa didn’t have time to deliver this year”. Instead of running around like a headless chicken trying to find that special toy during the Christmas rat race, why not shop early and take a look at some of the most in-demand toys for Christmas 2008.

Basically there are 10 toys that are going to be hard to find by the time Christmas comes, so shop early for the best selection of Christmas gifts in 2008.

Toy Number 1

The Nintendo Wii

Nintendo’s Wii video game system (pronounced “we”) is designed to attract people, regardless of their age or video game experience, to sit down and play together–whether they’re in the same room or on different sides of the globe. The system’s name reflects this simple idea. It’s easily pronounced in a variety of languages, and the distinctive spelling suggests two players side by side. The two Wii features Nintendo thinks will create new levels of gaming community are built-in Wi-Fi access, supported by a new online gaming service, and Wii’s intuitive, wireless, motion-sensitive game controller.

Toy Number 2

The Wii Fit

Wii Fit is designed to be enjoyed by the whole family. In Japan it has been encouraging family members as a whole to discuss the topic of fitness and take an active interest in understanding their own fitness in a fun and entertaining way, all in the comfort of their own home.
Wii Fit comes bundled with the Wii Balance Board, an accessory developed exclusively for the Wii console that will have a far-reaching impact for all who use it. It’s innovative, exciting and most of all fun and simple for all to use. It is a pressure sensitive, wireless balance board that goes on the floor – so someone can stand on it in front of the TV. It senses weight and shift in balance in any direction and therefore by standing on the Wii Balance Board during activities allows players to follow along to movements ensuring they have full control of the on-screen activities. This allows personal improvement goals to be set to effectively help you and your family to train and stay fit.

Toy Number 3

The Nintendo DS

Sleek black and white may have been the must-have look this summer, but now it’s all about pink as the hugely successful Nintendo DS Lite turns pink. Nintendo’s latest console includes all the existing features of the Nintendo DS, yet includes a variety of distinctive changes which truly sets it apart from other handheld consoles. Nintendo DS Lite retains the advanced touch screen technology, allowing players to control the software with a stylus or even their finger, as well as dual screens, voice recognition and Wi-Fi capabilities of the Nintendo DS but is now both smaller and lighter. Weighing nearly 60g less than the original, it is just two thirds of the original size. The redesign isn’t only cosmetic though, the Nintendo DS Lite features adjustable screen brightness with four settings, a repositioned microphone for ease of use and a larger and more comfortable stylus. With its new design and unique features, this console is perfect for everyone regardless of age, gender and gaming skills.

Toy Number 4

Sony Playstation 3

The PS3 features IBM’s “Cell” processor and a co-developed Nvidia graphics processor that makes the system able to perform two trillion calculations per second. That makes the PlayStation 3 40 times faster than the PS2. Along with the traditional AV and composite connections, it also boasts an HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) port, which delivers uncompressed, unconverted digital picture and sound to compatible high-definition TV and projectors. The system is capable of 128-bit pixel precision and 1080p resolution for a full HD experience. This console also provides for a sound experience by supporting Dolby Digital 5.1, DTS 5.1, as well as Linear PCM 7.1. A pre-installed 40 GB hard disc drive allows you to save games as well as download content from the internet. Unlike the other models of the PlayStation 3, the 40GB does not offer backwards compatibility.

Toy Number 5

Xbox 360

In comparison to the Darth Vader inspired design of the original Xbox, the Xbox 360 a thing of (near) wondrous beauty.

In addition to playing games and movies, the Xbox 360 can stream music and video from a wide variety of electronic devices, including iPods and the Sony PSP.

Toy Number 6

Sony PSP

All other portable consoles seem like chess to this. what is the point of making them. The PSP slim and lite has out classed the original and out classed all other portable devices. You can even get satnavs now for PSP! FANTASTIC!!!

Toy Number 7

Lego Mind Storm

Build-your-own Star Wars droids with the Droid Developer Kit. If you have ever wanted your own R2D2, now’s your chance. With a little time and patience you can create a droid that can be programmed to do what you want it to.
At the heart of the Droid Developer Kit is a small, intelligent brain called the Micro Scout. This minute computer can react to light, has a motor to bring movement and has seven pre-programmed routines as well as a programmable option via your PC. If R2D2 is not your ideal choice of robot then you can build one of the two other droids in the pack: L-3GO Training Droid or the Jedi Knight Droid.

Toy Number 8

Silverlit PicooZ Twin Blade 3 Channel Helicopter

Be warned. This is no ordinary radio controlled helicopter. This is the TandemZ. A full three channel, auto stable system with twin propellers and an advanced multi-role set-up that requires skill, brains and determination to master. In appearance, the TandemZ closely resembles the iconic Sea Knight Helicopter, a vehicle famed for its assault transportation of combat troops and its ability to land on aircraft carriers. The twin propeller system is a striking feature of this unique style of helicopter, and providing greater stability, greater control and added power when airborne. With the TandemZ being a full 3 channel radio controlled unit, users are able to control the flight altitude, forwards and backwards movement and the direction of flight. Easier said than done. The handheld control unit (which doubles as the charging base for the TandemZ) is more complex than the standard R/C chopper, incorporating controls for Yaw trimming (direction), Pitch trimming (hovering angle), Throttle (altitude), Direction (forward/backward movement) and an additional headlight switch for flying in the dark. With guidance from the instruction booklet and a little practice, users will quickly appreciate the added control that the TandemZ offers and once mastered, can attempt more challenging stunts than ever before.

Toy Number 9

Speed Racer & Snake Oiler

Chase the robbers in the air and catch them at sea. This police seaplane is perfect for difficult police missions. Open the side door, take your seat, spin propellers and get ready for takeoff! Total wing span 40 cm/ 15.7 inches. Includes one police pilot.

And Finally – Toy Number 10

Original Rubix Cube

One of the most famous toys in history, Rubik’s Cube is the incredibly addictive, multi-dimensional challenge that has fascinated fans since it arrived in 1980. Over “43 Quintillion” (that’s 43 with 18 zeros to you and me) moves are possible with this original 3×3 Cube, but there is only one solution! A must for puzzle lovers, the aim is to twist and turn the Rubik’s Cube to return it to its original state, with every side having one solid colour. For those who struggle to master this challenge – or simply lack the patience – the enclosed guide provides the simplest ever 7-step Rubik’s Cube solution and introduces a number of other fantastic games to play. So, whether you’re into simple siding or prefer a spot of classic cubing, hours of challenging fun lie ahead.

Darius Diamond specializes in writing video gaming, DVD & entertainment reviews, free tips guides and more.

To view a large selection of games, consoles and DVDs at great prices visit :

http://astore.amazon.co.uk/toys-and-games-superstore-21

The War on Drugs

The “War on Drugs” is a term that having worked as a Texas peace officer but also being much more liberal and open-minded than most officers has really troubled me. And, after seeing the astounding report that almost 1% of the entire United States population is currently in jail or prison caused this me to really want to speak out and voice his opinion on this. By no means do I expect that my point of view is novel or that I am really offering any information than that published before me; however, I am hopeful that as more people read and get informed, they will push their legislators for change, or at a minimum develop a greater sense of tolerance and understanding and stop spending billions of dollars on this unwinnable “war” and that they will start remembering their rights when encountering the police and using those rights to protect themselves by just saying “No” to police requests to search!

The War on Drugs refers to governmental programs intended to suppress the consumption of certain recreational drugs. First used by US President, Richard Nixon, in 1972 to describe US’s programs, equivalent terms are now used in many countries and are prevalent throughout law enforcement communities and court houses.

The War on Drugs utilizes several techniques to achieve its goal of eliminating recreational drug use:

1) Specialized law enforcement agencies–officers and techniques;

2) Information campaigns to educate the public on the dangers of drug use;

3) Sometimes questionable searches and seizures that may violate the 4th Amendment to the United State Constitution;

4) Incarceration of thousands.

A review of multiple articles has demonstrated that the federal government spends several billion dollars on this “war” annually. A number that I have seen multiple times is $17,000,000,000.00. That is about the same amount of money poured into the Food Stamps Program which is used to provide food to poor Americans. This is also about the same amount of money spent on the US’ General Sciences, Space, and Technology budget.

However, this number is not the actual financial cost, when things like salaries for local law enforcement officers, prosecutors, correctional officers, and other staff members are factored in. Or, if one factors in the costs of jailing persons convicted of drug offense and transporting the drugs that are seized to be destroyed, no to mention the fee for destroying them (must be done in an environmentally approved way-EPA). Some numbers have run as high as $60 billion dollars when everything is factored in.

These statistics are almost ten years old, but some federal government figures show that 24-34% of the prison population is locked-away for drug offenses. Now, I have not sorted through that statistics to determine what percent of prisoners are there for possession versus committing a separate crime, but I would be willing to wager that the numbers would be astounding.

In short, I am interested in these sorts of issues not only because I am an attorney, but because as a law enforcement officer, I daily encountered the opportunity to stop and search people that may possess drugs. Overall, my approach was far more forgiving than many of my fellow officers who made it their personal goal to arrest persons that may be in possession of narcotics, and believe me, I have seen this taken to an extreme interpretation. For example, one pill for Xanex that was in the bottom of a ladies purse was used to file “possession” charges on her, a felony. In the end, the charge was dismissed because the bottle was found and it was her husband’s prescription that she had taken to have filled and it had spilled in her purse. But, this was not without the toll on her family and finances in defending against this case. No, I did not make that arrest, but I heard about it and just shook my head.

If I stopped someone, it was very rare for me to attempt to search their vehicle by consent or otherwise. My view on the matter was that if they were going about their daily life in a way that their actions did not intrude on the public or create a direct hazard, I was not going to pry. And, possession of a very minor amount led me to believe that the person was just a casual user. Yes, it is possible that this person could lead to their dealer which could lead to a bigger dealer, but realistically, it was just not a fight that I ever found value in. Of course, arguments can be made on both sides of the law and will continue to be made. It really troubles me that the United States, which was founded on so many principles of freedom and self-liberty has succumb to an almost over-whelming attitude of “big brother protectionism”.

My overall goal in writing this article is just to point out that there is so much discretion involved at the law enforcement level that I would like to see more of a balance and equal enforcement implemented, but figuring out how to do that is next to impossible. Notice, this article never focused on issues like “racial profiling” and such which is unfortunately still very prevalent in this country and an abhorrent practice used by many officers. To some, anything that is used in the “war on drugs” is acceptable because it is a “war”… I’ve actually heard that statement made.

But, as an attorney, I just want to reiterate one very important right that we have as a society: SAY NO – to officers asking to search your vehicle. If they do not have probable cause to be in the car or in your house, the only way they may legally access it is by developing the probable cause and obtaining a search warrant or with your PERMISSION/CONSENT… so just say NO… do not fall victim to the “Well, if you don’t let me search, I am just going to call a K-9″….

Bottom line, if an officer finds something with a K-9, the punishment is no more severe than if you give permission to rummage through your belongings. So remember, start using your rights and say “NO” to requests by police to search.

Dax Garvin, Attorney and Counselor At law is an experienced Austin Texas DWI Attorney and a compassionate Austin divorce lawyer.

I graduated from Texas Tech University School of Law in May, 2002, and was licensed to practice law in Texas that November, following the July, 2002, Texas Bar Exam. Prior to that, I obtained my Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice from the University of Texas at Tyler and my first years of undergraduate work were spent at Austin College in Sherman, Texas, where I learned the true passion of humanity-recognizing we are all part of one great society.

I worked in the Travis County Attorney’s Office from August, 2002, until October, 2003, when I entered into private practice with a mid-size Austin civil litigation firm, where I enhanced my skills for legal research, writing, motion practice, and working with insurance companies from the defense perspective.

Cell Phone Radiation Linked to Autism

For the last few decades, the use of cell phones has been on the rise across the country and around the world. With the advent of micro technology and satellites, mobile phones have gotten smaller and smaller. In fact, some have reached the point where big people actually have trouble dialing a phone number because their fingers are too big to touch one key at a time! For that matter, some models of phones are so tiny that big headed people have trouble hearing from the ear piece and talking into the mouthpiece at the same time.

With those new phones have come other aspects of the technology. The biggest and most obvious – the one just about everyone sees every day is the cell phone towers. Between the towers and the phones themselves, there is a lot of radiation flipping about through the atmosphere. Well, the atmosphere is one thing, but our minds and bodies – that is quite another; and the minds and bodies of our children is quite another thing altogether!

Possibly, you may have heard about the increase in cases of autism in recent years. Now, based on input from doctors and teachers who deal with these cases, part of the increase is due to the fact that years ago children with autism were misdiagnosed. After all, autism covers a very broad range of maladies. Some children sort of “shut down”, they’re non-responsive and non-verbal. Others are very intelligent, but socially awkward; they’re known as “high functioning” autistic. The point being, today autism encompasses a wide range of developmental problems for children.

Yet, even allowing for the incorrect diagnoses of the past, it is still a fact that about one child out of a hundred has some form of autism. That is a very large increase over past cases. The question is: what is the cause? Here again, researchers say that part of the contributing factor is genetics; some children are predisposed to being autistic. Yet, they are also equally certain that there is some kind of environmental factor that sets them off. Debate has raged for years as to what the factor (or factors) could be. Some have said it is the mercury used in inoculations; some say it is our processed foods.

Based on studies of the human body, it is a fact that a child’s skull is thinner than an adult’s. So, what does this mean in terms of cell phone use? A child using or exposed to a cell phone will have the phone’s radiation penetrate into their skull much deeper than into an adult’s skull. This high-frequency electromagnetic field can cause increases in blood pressure, affect biological functions within the brain, and negatively impact the brain’s bio-electric activity. When you consider that a child’s brain is growing and developing, any outside influence that damages their neurons as they are forming networks could certainly lead to some form of neural damage.

There may not yet be a direct connection between cell phones and autism. But, when you consider the chance you are taking with your child’s health and future well-being, it is definitely in your best interest to minimize their exposure to cell phone radiation. It is a sad fact that there is no cure for autism, and some forms of it are quite debilitating. So, anything you can do to reduce the chances of your child ending up in poor health, it’s worth doing, isn’t it?

Educational Cell Phone E-Book by Paul Fitzgerald, EMF expert, graduated from NJIT in Newark, NJ. He has been studying EMF’s for over 15 years. He has done over 100 radio shows in 2006 and promotes promotes cell phone radiation reduction airtube headsets to the public for protection from cell phone radiation, go to Airtube Headsets To educate yourself go to EMF Radiation News

The Health Care Crisis

Everywhere we turn today we are bombarded with news about the current health care crisis in the United States. We are inundated with the negative aspects of our medical system on TV, the radio and newspapers. In Michael Moore’s docudrama “Sicko” our health care system is portrayed as a beast worse than the antichrist. Now I’ll be the first to admit that there are problems with our medical system. Let me highlight a couple. The US hospital system is ranked 37th in the world by the World Health Organization (WHO). More than half of the prescription drugs consumed in the world are consumed in the US. Hospitals are the third leading cause of death in the US.

With these and other facts taken into consideration I believe that we as individuals have the ability and the responsibility to correct the true crisis in America today which is self induced illness caused by the foods (I use the term loosely) we eat. We have turned over responsibility for our health to the doctors, pharmaceutical companies, and food manufacturers who are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). We have followed them blindly into the abyss that is the health care crisis today. The good news is that there is a way out of the abyss, read on.

Let’s begin where the food begins. In the Garden of Eden God gave us fruit to eat which grew on trees and took nutrients from the dirt which God made us. Today, thanks to pollution, chemical fertilization, pesticides and poor crop rotation the dirt has been depleted of their nutrients. As a mater of fact the soil in the United States only has 15% of the nutrients it had in 1948. Farmers fertilize the crops with high nitrogen man made fertilizers that produce big beautiful plants, fruits and vegetables that have little if any nutritional value. For example a woman could get her daily requirement of vitamin A by eating two peaches in 1951, today she would have to eat 53.

Moving right along, let’s talk about harvest. Prior to the industrial revolution there where farms spread all across our nation and most everyone consumed fresh fruits and vegetables that where grown locally. Today there are fewer farms and the majority of fruits and vegetables are shipped great distances to be sold. This is the reason that farmers green harvest their crops, ensuring they don’t bruise during the shipping process. It also reduces the nutrients that make it into the food. Tomatoes are a good example; they are picked green so and when they arrive at the market they are sprayed with gas to turn them red. Tomatoes get no nutrients until the final stage of ripening.

Next stop: the supermarket. Some of the crops make it to the market without further depletion of their nutrients but many go through a processing plant where they are further stripped of nutrients. They are cooked, canned, frozen, salted, preserved

Then between the farm and the supermarket the little bit of nutritional value that the crops had are cooked or processed out of them to make them more convenient for us to prepare and eat.

That covers what has been taken out of our food let’s talk about what has been added to our food. Chemicals like MSG monosodium glutamate whose only function is to increase the sensitivity of our taste buds with the side effect of causing our pancreas to inject large quantities of insulin into our system simulating a sugar high that ends an hour later causing us to feel hungry again hence the old saying about being hungry an hour later after eating Chinese food. Then there are nitrites and nitrates, preservatives like BHT, all things that our bodies do not need and would normally get rid of but in today’s society we consume so much of the artificial and so little of the natural that our bodies stop working the way God designed them to work and we become ill and turn to the medical system for help.

Let me begin this subject by saying that if you ever see me laying on the road after being hit by a car please call an ambulance and have them take me to the emergency room. The US has the best trauma care in the world and I have a degree in Emergency Medical Technology so I know from first hand experence from both sides of the screening room. The weakness in the medical system comes in the area of wellness. We do not really have a health care system, we have a sick care system. My wife had to go to the ER a couple of years ago because of dehydration. When the nurse checking her in she asked if she was taking any prescription drugs and got prepared to type the onslaught, my wife told him no and he did a double take then told her that that was unusual. Four years ago I was 45 years old and taking Nexum for acid reflux and Celabrex for arthritis and I thought I was pretty healthy. What I have discovered is that I was pretty average and living in a box with a lot of other people. A box in which people believed that as you age you would get sick and need to have drugs prescribed by doctors to keep you functioning. I saw a commercial the other day that exemplifies that box. It was a commercial for Nexum and the guy said “When I take Nexum I can eat the food I love.” The food I love was killing me and taking Nexum just masked the effect it did not remove it. Today like my wife I take no prescription drugs and have not taken any for over two years.

The health care industry needs to stop focusing on cures and start focusing on prevention.

Richard L Carlan
http://fitinhisimage.blogspot.com/

Solar Energy Today

We have definitely only scratched the surface of solar energy and with each year our technology gets smaller and faster and so do our efforts at using solar energy.

What better fuel alternative than that great big ball of fire is the sky that won’t be depleted any time soon. This means that none of the hard labor is required that is necessary in the acquisition of fossil fuels. The sunlight is readily available for at least 12 hours a day, which is enough time to acquire the necessary energy to run a household.

Soar energy is also the most clean energy available. You do not use nonrenewable sources from the earth like fossil fuels or H2O (although we have a lot of it). No pollutants are put into the air. Solar energy is free, clean, and plentiful. Just reach out and grab some.
With the onset of nanotechnology solar power is about to become the cheapest fuel ever. The cost per watt has been estimated to be less than a dollar. Currently the cost per watt averages around $4.00. Hey wait, isn’t that what gas is at?

The maintenance for a solar power system to run your house should be minimal. Most of the panels I have seen have around 10 year warranties, some more, some less. Just like with everything you have wear and tear. But heck, most people don’t even keep there cars for ten years nowadays and I know there is no such thing as a ten year warranty on a car. Point is with the old solar panels you would make a return on investments on average of five to ten years. With the new cheaper and more efficient systems you would see it in two to five years.

The solar industry is about to have a huge boom. If you have ever thought about getting a solar system for your house the time is almost ripe for cheap energy and a way to get you off the grid.

Well I shouldn’t say totally off the grid since that would require a battery storage which is major mula. It will still be necessary to get some of your power from the electric company. However, you can check with your electric company to see what your choices are when you push some of your own energy back on the line. When you have a surplus during the day it will be put on the electric company’s line. Yes just imagine the that little wheel spinning in reverse for the first time. For this they will either give you a credit or a check depending on how much you generate and their policy.

Diamonds, Gemstones, Lumps of Coal – Another Strike at the Dragon’s Soul

This news to China is another diamond of the moral lessons from God or pure living, or Buddha himself. The way we live, is the way we die. Buddha had a following not because what he said, but how he lived such a holy serene life as no other holy man of his time. And while this diamond of a gentle man lived a simple life, and like Socrates in the west, merely answer questions with a question, and go inside his bliss.

Which what another diamond of a human being has just done, and informed the world, and his host China, he may miss th parade. For he fears for his health if in his race he proceeds, for he is long distance runner, for which lung power much needs. Of all of the athletes, the long race will be won, by he who runs fastest, and sucks air through his lungs.

However, in Beijing, each visit, he fears for his life. For the air is so filthy many have masks on their faces as day seems like twilight. And for this champion to win, he must train there with might, to know the terrain, every up and down site. And by the time of the races, and parades and speeches now complete; he is not sure if he would have lungs left to stand on his feet.

So on Olympics and torches like the Disney Parade, with lights and sights to marvel, all through each day. Are we to use candles, or masks and a lamp, to watch each runner still standing cough over that ramp? When the best mice from heaven start leaving the boat, it is time for a make over, or swamp in the moat. The Forbidden Palace is bloated, and very confused. How to get rich, be Communist, not confused by the rules.

Poor Communist China, on it’s way to get rich, still keeps controls like a female with puppies, our snarling great bitch. Take Tibet, and Sudan for oil. Tibetans who make trouble could be shipped to Darfur, in exchange for that oil. Gone Tibetan, such trouble, now peopled with Hans. Hans is also Chinese, as German, but who could so tell? 1939 soldiers named Hans in helmets marched from Paris to Moscow. Times change, people earn to love and forgive. French now hug Germans: how grown up is that?

Except up in Tibet. Here, the 2008 Hans are more golden and they come from the coast. And they take over Tibet, each Han soldier can boast. Bump baton upon skull of Tibetan in robes. Only way to teach them, our great culture here in droves.

Meanwhile, back in Beijing, they wonder if they were to close down the coal burning factories around Beijing as long as guests were in town. It could be as in America in that horrible three days after 9/11 when all air traffic was shut down. The skies of America became blue. Not every other coal burning factory and all our exhaust SUV could make the sky gray. We may not have noticed, but science sure did. Meanwhile a billion Chinese want to fly to Rome for the fall.

And that kerosine driven airplane creates a fake heavenly sky as it leaves a jet trail wover a clear blue sky. That serene implication of that white cloud is a lie. It is kerosine spittle, that when it rains, falls on you and I. So I think science would agree with this stink: we might be more health by far, if they left the toilets open to fall. At least good for the gardens, we can handle crap as we get it at work. But if they could find a way to put a diaper on the rear of that jet engine air bus, they could stop it from wet potties, of kerosine onto us.

Take the new jet super trains that, like veins through our bodies, encircle the earth. Get the coal dust technology information to all. And until jets can get off kerosine, take the clean train, and marvel at the Great Wall of China, under blue skies, on your way to Rome. So fascinating, as with the French jet on rails, keep your eye on the castle in the distance.

For if you look down, you are soon sick and dizzy. You are flying. At ground level. Those whizzing bushes by the track give you more information than you need, for an enjoyable quick tram trip from London to Delhi, and then on to Seattle and New York. But if you do happen to walk outside in the air, wash your hair, take care, the airplanes have been out there. Not a diamond among them, flying kerosine lumps of coal, being rude on us down there.

Raindrops of kerosine are falling on my head, but I’m not dead, so what do I care? Nobodies there, so keep on rolling through the sky, until we all die, those coal burning lamps are coming back, Jack, you go with the flow, what do you know, it’s a blazing good show, the hotter it gets the less that you know. And us red ants seek black ants where ever they go. Unforgiving Gods or Allahs brought to us in anger and hate. If only, if only, or is hope way too late? No. God is not finished with one life human yet.

Until we can be wise like Buddha, whose wise followers were surely those three, who allowed God to allow them to be a the birth of Christ Jesus. Buddha’s last day among life, was in his mid eighties, for those days a great age. He and his loved ones all enjoyed a simple meal, they meditated together until Buddha was gone. His meditation took him to Heaven, Nirvana, as they say. In bliss and harmony, golden rules in full play.

Derek Dashwood enjoys the combining of science into the humanities to measure politics and use and wise use of power and how it is shown at It’s Her Diamond, Let Her Pick

History To Solar Power Energy

“I have no doubt that we will be successful in harnessing the sun’s energy… If sunbeams were weapons of war, we would have had solar energy centuries ago.” These are words of Sir George Porter (December 1920 – August 2002), Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, which today is a reality. The energy which is derived from the sun and responsible for practically all life on earth is today harnessed for generating heat, light, power and electricity for meeting global needs for alternate energy resources. Yet the concept and use of solar energy is not new. Early Greeks, Native Americans and Chinese have used it to their benefit by orienting their home and hearth toward the sun for centuries. The term solar power has today become synonymous with solar energy which is obtained by converting sunlight to electricity.

While the application span of solar energy now encompasses the domestic (including cooking and heating), commercial, industrial, farming, aviation and surface transport sectors, there are several technologies which are in place to generate this type of natural energy. In fact, solar energy has now found its place in every day use items like cars and calculators.

Back in historical times, solar energy may not have been known by any name, but its use has always been the backbone of agriculture ever since man learned to till the land and grow food or crops. We have seen the importance of this energy in medieval Europe where farmers deployed elaborate agricultural strategies to get the maximum out of sunlight for the wellbeing of their yield. Even today, sunlight optimization is the primary agenda for anyone who is involved in farming or gardening, starting from planning their planting schedule, strategizing row orientation, altering plant heights between rows, etc.

Man has always built his home to take the most out of available sunlight. Critical use of solar energy is evident in today’s urban building designs where not only the building orientation but window placements and proportions and building materials are chosen to harness the most of this invaluable energy form. The importance of solar energy was realized by first century Roman architect Vitruvius who commented that home designs must be made according to the diversity of the climate of that particular region. Solar energy when deployed to supplement day lighting techniques, homes can save enormous amount of resources by making maximum use of sunlight during all the time that it lasts. The importance of solar lighting or natural light was appreciated way back in 6th century Rome and later corroborated by the British in 1832. In fact, it was only in the 20th century that artificial methods became the primary source of interior lighting. The energy and oil crises during 1973 and 1979, made people re-focus on natural lighting, but soon the interest died due to cheap available sources of energy.

One of the areas where solar energy is most widely used today is in the field of solar thermal applications, where the applied technology uses heat from the sun to heat water and space; for ventilation; for processed heat required for industrial applications, cooking, for water distillation plants, etc.

For more information, on the history and benefits of solar energy visit www.solar-reviews.com

http://www.solar-reviews.com is an indepth site focussing on the benefits of solar energy in the 21st century